LITERATURE {Electronic Texts, Books Online}

Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts: Search by Author or Title.  This is a collection of public domain and open access documents with a focus on American and English literature such as novels, poetry, short stories, and plays.

Verse: Poetry Anthologies and Thousands of Poems. Bartleby.com

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive: Biographies and poetry by poets including Wilfred Owen, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, Edward Thomas, and Siegfried Sassoon.

The Literature Page: your place to read classic books, plays, stories, poems, essays, and speeches online
{Recommended by Jessica B.}

Project Gutenberg: a library of 20,000 free e-Books

Representative Poetry On-Line Excellent resource for full text poems.
The Poetry Foundation  Search for a poem or poet (provides biography and links to poems by that author)


BBC British History This is not a literary site. Use it for historical background information for your time period and connect to the literary movement. There is a British History Timeline. (Rec. by seniors)

BBC History: "Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837-1901" by Professor Eric Evans

Choose a Period {Information about Literary and Historical Movements} from the Norton Anthology of English Literature :  Middle Ages, 16th Century, Early 17th Century, Restoration & the 18th Century, Romantic Period, Victorian Age, 20th Century

English History and Heritage  Browse by Time Period, Biographies

MODERNISM (The Modern Era)  
         "The Movement: Origins and Influences: The Movement: British Poets of the 1950s" Twayne's Authors SeriesThe Movement comprises authors and poets , i.e., Kingsley Amis, Philip Larkin, and John Osborne. The Movement is also known as Angry Young Men.   Password for home is PL2439

         Wilson, Colin. "Introduction." Interviews with Britain's Angry Young Men"  Literature Resource Center. Web. Password for home is PL2439


FEATURED AUTHORSAuthor retrospectives with articles and reviews from The New York Times archives

The New York Times' Modern Library's Choices: 20th Century's List of 100 Best Novels: includes original reviews
            Brave New World, Aldous Huxley / 1984, George Orwell / To the Lighthouse, Virginia Woolf / Slaughterhouse Five, Kurt Vonnegut / Animal Farm, George Orwell / Go Tell It On the Mountain, James Baldwin / Lord of the Flies, William Golding / The Age of Innocence, Edith Wharton / A Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess / Lord Jim, Joseph Conrad / Sons and Lovers, D. H. Lawrence / The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck / A Passage to India, E.M. Forster / Animal Farm, George Orwell / On the Road, Jack Kerouac

            Alice Munro Wins Nobel Prize in Literatureby Julie Bosman. New York Times 10 Oct. 2013.  Ms. Munro, a Canadian author, was honored for work that explores the relationships between men and women, small-town existence and the fallibility of memory.

Featured Author: Amy Tan Reviews of Amy Tan's books and Articles from the Archives of The New York Times

: Featured Author from the archives of The New York Times 
Reviews of Arthur Miller's Plays from the archives of The New York Times.  Reviewed plays are The Man Who Had All the Luck, All My Sons, Death of a Salesman, The Crucible, A View From the Bridge, A Memory of Two Mondays, The Price, The Creation of the World and Other Business, and American Clock.
"Two Fathers are Learning Lessons of 'All My Sons'" by Patricia Cohen. New York Times 11 Nov. 2008. 

"August Wilson, Theater's Poet of Black America, Is Dead at 60" New York Times 3 Oct. 2005, late ed.: A.1. ProQuest. From Home: User Name is lions. Password is welcome.
         "Review: In Don DeLillo's 'Zero K,' Daring to Outwit Death" by Michiko Kakutani. New York Times, 25 April 2016.
       "DeLillo Strives for Immortality" by Brenda Cronin. Wall Street Journal, Eastern edition ed. Apr 29 2016. ProQuest. Web. 5 May 2016. 
          Featured Author: Doris Lessing with News and Reviews from the archives of The New York Times plus audio. 
Doris Lessing, Author Who Swept Aside Convention, Is Dead at 94 by Helen T. Verongos. New York Times 17 Nov. 2013.  Ms. Lessing was an uninhibited and outspoken novelist who produced dozens of novels, short stories, essays and poems.  Her most famous novel is The Golden Notebook.
Doris Lessing Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel to Lessing, Incisive Voice of Womens Fate New York Times 12 Oct. 2007. 

       "Following Dylan Thomas in Wales" by Ondine Cohane. The New York Times 20 Mar. 2014.  
A century after the late Welsh poet was born, visiting places where he lived, wrote, and stopped in for a pint. View Slide Show. 

ELIE WEISEL, 1928-2016 [July 2, 2016]
Night by Elie Wiesel About Elie Wiesel and his book, Night, from Oprah's Book Club
       "Elie Wiesel, Auschwitz Survivor and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Dies at 87" by Joseph Berger. New York Times, 3 July 2016.
Criticism on A Room with a View: Health, Jeffrey. "Kissing and Telling: Turning Round in A Room with a View." Twentieth Century Literature 40.4 (1994): 393-433. ProQuest 
 From Home: User Name is lions. Password is welcome.

         "Why '1984' Is a 2017 Must-Read" by Michiko Kakutani. New York Times, New York Times, 26 Jan. 2017.
 A dystopian classic eerily tracks early actions by the Trump administration.
"Why Orwell Endures." By Geoffrey Wheatcroft. The New York Times 12 Feb. 2010. 

Featured Author: Graham Greene With News and Reviews of Graham Greene's books from the Archives of The New York Times
THE QUIET AMERICAN (Criticism): “In Our Time No Man Is a Neutral” by Robert Gorham Davis. The New York Times On The Web  11 Mar. 1956. 
NELLE HARPER LEE, 1926-2016: 

Go Set A Watchman, To Kill A Mockingbird

         "Harper Lee, Author of 'To Kill a Mockingbird," Is to Publish a Second Novel" by Alexandra Alter. New York Times 3 Feb. 2015.  The new book, "Go Set a Watchman," focuses on the character of Scout as an adult, and was written in the 1950s.  It will be published in July. 
Obituary “ ‘Mockingbird’ Author, Elusive Voice of the Small-Town South" by William Grimes. New York Times, 19 Feb. 2016
Obituary An Appraisal: “In Harper Lee’s Novels, a Loss of Innocence as Children and Again as Adults” by Michiko Kakutani. New York Times, 19 Feb. 2016.  

Jane Austen: An Overview  (before Queen Victoria but still included in The Victorian Web) 
        The Victorian Web  Literature, Gender, Political and Social History, Technology, Science, Philosophy & Culture in the Age of Victoria. Refer to "How do I Cite the Victorian Web"


"Featured Author J. D. Salinger" With News and Reviews of J. D. Salinger's books from the Archives of The New York Times.  
"Of Teen Angst and an Authors Alienation" by Michiko Kakutani. New York Times 28 Jan. 2010. With his unerring radar for the feelings of teenage angst and vulnerability, J. D. Salinger remains one of the writers adolescents first fall in love with. 

John Updike: Featured author with news and reviews from the archives of The New York Times
       John Updike News: obituary (28 Jan. 2009), archived articles about Updike and his works. 

           Joyce Carol Oates as Featured Author in The New York Times on the Web: reviews, articles and audio. 

"Kurt Vonnegut" updated from The New York Times' Times Topics. 
Review of Slaughterhouse-Five: Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. Books of the Times: At Last, Kurt Vonneguts Famous Dresden Book. New York Times Book Review 31 Mar. 1969: 35.
        Review of Cat's Cradle: Southern, Terry. After the Bomb, Dad Came Up With Ice. New York Times Book Review 2 June 1963: 288. 
        Obituary: Smith, Dinita. Kurt Vonnegut Is Dead at 84; Caught Imagination of His Age. New York Times 12 Apr. 2007, late ed.: A1. ProQuest. From Home: User Name is lions. Password is welcome.

LEWIS CARROLL (Charles Dodgson)

        Lewis Carroll from The Victorian Web 
"How do I Cite the Victorian Web" 


"Algebra in Wonderland" by Melanie Bayley (Op-Ed Contributor and doctoral candidate in English literature at Oxford). New York Times 6 Mar. 2010. The other-worldly events in Alices Adventures in Wonderland can be interpreted as satire on 19th-century advances in mathematics.
       "The Story of Alice: Lewis Carroll and the Secret History of Wonderland" by Michael Wood. The New York Times 8 June 2015. This is a new book review by Michael Wood. This article has excellent information on Lewis Carroll’s writing style and also about the literary movement, the Victorian era. There are many quotes by Lewis Carroll.

LUMINARIUM:  English Literary Criticism from Middle English, Renaissance, 17th century, and the Restoration
        Medieval (Middle English Literature) (1350-1485): Chaucer, Gawain, Malory, etc. 
16th Century Renaissance (1485-1603): Marlowe, Shakespeare, Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh), Henry VIII, Sir Thomas More, Elizabeth I, etc. 
17th Century (1603-1660): Francis Bacon, Donne, Ben Jonson, Robert Herrick, Andrew Marvell, John Milton, James I, Thomas Hobbes, Cavalier Poets, Metaphysical Poets
18th Century (1660-1785): Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, Thomas Gray, Samuel Johnson, etc.

MARY SHELLEY and Frankenstein
"Conceiving 'Frankenstein' : 'The Lady and Her Monsters
,'" by Roseanne Montillo.  Book review.  The New York Times 1 Feb. 2013. Grave robbers, ghoulish scientific experiments and the Romantic age: Roseanne Montillo traces the origins of Mary Shelley's masterpiece.

MAYA ANGELOU (1928-2014)
           "Maya Angelou, Lyrical Witness of the Jim Crow South, Dies at 86" by Margalit Fox. The New York Times 28 May 2014. The memoirist and poet’s landmark book, “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,” was among the first autobiographies by a 20th-century black woman to reach a wide readership.
NEW YORK TIMES  "Books - Sunday Book Review" section
 SEARCH BOOK REVIEWS SINCE 1981 from The New York Times' archives (located right of Best Sellers). 
FEATURED AUTHORS Author retrospectives with articles and reviews from The New York Times archives

 Literary analyses of novels and plays- themes, metaphors, character profiles, plot, quotes from work

eading figure of The Movement

          Willhardt, M. 

The Movement reconsidered: essays on Larkin, Amis, Gunn, Davie, and their Contemporaries”  CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Feb. 2010: 1069. Literature Resource Center  Password for home is PL2439  (Gale)
RAY BRADBURY (1920-2012)
         "Ray Bradbury, Who Brought Mars to Earth With a Lyrical Mastery, Dies at 91" by Gerald Jonas. The New York Times 6 June 2012. The imaginative evocations of the future in Mr. Bradbury's science fiction reflected both the optimism and the anxieties of his own postwar America.
Ray Bradbury on New York Times' Times Topics - Biography, see center section "Ray Bradbury Navigator," and many articles

            Featured Author: Saul Bellow Reviews of Saul Bellow's works and Articles from the Archives of The New York Times

Featured Author: Seamus Heaney  Reviews of Seamus Heaney's books and Articles from the Archives of The New York Times

            "Maugham's Razor" by Jeff Pearce. Critique Magazine. 
             "Maugham Considers Mystics; THE RAZOR'S EDGE. By W. Somerset Maugham. 399 pp. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co. The New York Times Book Review by Joseph Warren Beach on April 23, 1944 (Razor's Edge published in 1944). New York Times (1923-Current file): 1. Apr 23 1944. ProQuest.  (Password from Home: User Name: lions, Password: welcome) 
          Featured Author with News and Reviews from the Archives of The New York Times.
"A Separate Peace" by Richard Freedman on Feb. 12, 1978 is a review of Going After Cacciato (1978) 
          "Too Embarrassed Not to Kill" by Robert Harris on March 11, 1990 is a review of The Things They Carried (1990)
Literature, Gender, Political and Social History, Technology, Science, Philosophy & Culture in the Age of Victoria. Refer to "How do I Cite the Victorian Web"

www.victorianweb.org/misc/cite.html  (on the English page).

         Authors discussed in the Victorian WebEmily Bronte, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Browning, Lewis Carroll, Joseph Conrad, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, A. E. Housman, Rudyard Kipling, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Robert Louis Stevenson, Bram Stoker, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Oscar Wilde             How to Cite  


Before Victoria: Selected Authors from the 18th and 19th Centuries: Jane Austen - George Gordon, Lord Byron -Samuel Johnson - John Keats - Alexander Pope -  Mary Shelley - Percy Bysshe Shelley - Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Sir Walter Scott - Jonathan Swift - William Wordsworth - Anne Radcliffe 

          Virginia Woolf as Featured Author in The New York Times on the Web: reviews, articles and audio

"Review: 'The Heidi Chronicles,' With Elizabeth Moss, Opens on Broadway" by Charles Isherwood. New York Times 19 Mar. 2015.
"Wendy Wasserstein Dies at 55; Her Plays Spoke to a Generation" by Charles Isherwood. New York Times: 31 Jan. 2006. ProQuest  From Home: User Name is lions. Password is welcome.

William Blake Archive 


Shakespeare Online

"Is This a Shakespeare Which I See Before Me?" by John F. Burns. The New York Times 9 Mar. 2009.  A group of Shakespeare scholars and art historians say that a recently discovered portrait is the only known likeness to have been painted in his lifetime.

Complete Works of William Shakespeare

Elizabethan World from Encyclopaedia Britannica: Shakespearean World, Elizabeth I, Renaissance period, Elizabethan and Jacobean Periods, Literature, Authors like Francis Bacon, Sir Walter Raleigh
From home, insert lions as both User Name and Password

Folger Shakespeare Library

Life in Elizabethan England

Encyclopaedia Britannicas Guide to Shakespeare  From home, insert lions as both User Name and Password

Shakespeare Resource Center 

Gale's Literary Index   Search by AUTHOR or TITLE to see how many critical sources are available.

LMHS Library's MLA Guide

OWL's MLA Formatting and Style Guide for Works Cited from Purdue University

The APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences (includes psychology, sociology, political science, history, anthropology, economics, and more). The current edition is the 6th ed. 

APA styles:  NOTE: Major databases such as GaleEBSCO, and ProQuest provide both MLA and APA citations!

OWL's APA Formatting and Style Guide for Citing References from Purdue University

The Purdue OWL Citation Style Chart: a side-by-side comparison of MLAAPA, and CMS (Chicago)

You can also watch the APA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel

Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Thesaurus

Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

Last Modified on May 3, 2017